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End of the Year Estate Planning Checklist

estate planning checklist

Life can be unpredictable with unexpected changes. As life changes occur, it may be necessary to review your current estate to ensure everything is in order. Regular reviews will help to ensure the legacy you have built is passed on to your loved ones in accordance with your wishes.  At Paths Elder Law, we recommend periodic reviews of your estate plan.  With regular reviews of your estate plan, you will be able to fine-tune both your financial and personal circumstances as they change.  Having an estate planning checklist will help make sure that nothing is overlooked.  

*This blog is for educational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. The use of the Paths Law Firm website does not constitute a client-lawyer relationship.

Changes in Circumstances

Many events occur during our lifetime, some of which are joyful moments as well as times of sorrow.  These changes may warrant adjustments to your estate planning documents.  If you have had any of the below life changes it may be necessary to update your estate plan.

  • When a child or grandchild is born
  • Adoption of a child or grandchild
  • When A child or grandchild legally becomes an adult
  • Education for a child or grandchild
  • If the guardian, you have named in your will for your underage children dies
  • A change in the number of your dependents due to caring for an adult
  • Changes in financial goals for both you and your spouse.
  • A change in marital status to include a new marriage or a divorce
  • The onset of a disability or Illness of your spouse
  • Changes to policies or coverage such as life insurance and long-term care
  • The purchase of a home or any other type of large asset
  • Taking on additional liabilities or borrowing large amounts of money
  • A substantial increase or decrease in the value of your assets
  • Receipt of an inheritance or large gift
  • Changes to state and federal laws related to investments and taxes
  • If anyone in your family becomes ill, disabled, or dies
  • If your trustee or executor dies or is no longer able to act on your behalf
  • A change in career, a promotion, a new job, or starting or closing a business
estate planning checklist designated beneficiaries

Estate Planning Checklist – Basics of Estate Planning

A comprehensive estate plan should include the following core items:

  • Trust/will
  • Beneficiary designations
  • A durable power of attorney
  • Guardianship designations
  • Healthcare power of attorney
  • Letter of intent

Besides these six items, a well laid out estate plan should consider the following:

  • Review of retirement accounts 
  • Inventory of assets
  • List of debts/bills
  • Identify all insurance policies
  • List of memberships and affiliations 
  • Planning for digital assets, including emails, social media accounts, etc. 
  • Working with financial planners and similar professionals
estate planning checklist

Does your current estate plan measure up? 

We will go through the key items that should be on your estate planning checklist to ensure that you do not leave any decisions to chance. The following checklist should cover most of your bases, if not all.

1. Inventory of Assets

You might think you are not rich enough to justify estate planning, but as soon as you start you will be surprised at all the tangible and intangible assets under your name.  To begin, go through your home in and out and make a list of all the valuables you have. Some good examples include:

  •  The house itself, land, and any other real estate under your name
  •  Vehicles, including cars, bikes, boats, etc.
  •  Personal possessions like jewelry, electronics, power tools, lawn equipment, etc.
  •  Collectibles like art, coins, antiques, trading cards, etc.

 Next, follow up on your asset inventory list with non-physical assets.  Below are some examples of intangible assets an estate may include: 

  • Life insurance policies
  • Savings and checking accounts along with certificates of deposit
  • Health savings accounts
  • Bonds, stocks, and mutual funds, as well as other brokerage accounts
  • Ownership in a business
  • Retirement plans such as individual retirement accounts and workplace 401(k) plans
valuation estate planning list

 When you inventory your tangible and intangible assets, you should then estimate their value. For some types of assets, outside valuations could help. If you do not have an outside valuation, you can value items based on how you expect your heirs to value them. This will help make sure that your possessions are distributed equitably among the people you love.

Be sure to include all account numbers and list the location of any physical documents that you have in your possession. It is also a good idea to include contact information for the firms that hold these intangible possessions.

2. List your Debts

After creating your asset inventory list, make a list of all debt obligations you have, including open credit cards. The list should include everything from mortgages, auto loans, home equity lines of credit (HELOCs), and other debts or obligations you have. On the list, include the contact information of the companies holding the debt, and the location of signed agreements.

It is generally a good practice to run a credit report at least once per year. This will help to identify any credit cards that you might have missed.

list debts checklist

3. Create a List of Memberships or Affiliations

Make a list of any organizations that you are a part of such as a veteran’s association, AARP, a professional accreditation association, American Legion, or a college alumni group.  Some of these organizations may have life insurance benefits at no extra costs on all their members, and your beneficiaries might be eligible to collect.

Also, include other charitable organizations you support. It is wise to also let your beneficiaries know what charitable causes or organizations are important to you, and which ones you would like donations to go to in your memory.

Once you make these lists, it is important to sign and them.  Be sure to make a minimum of three copies. Give the original copy to your estate administrator, give your spouse a copy (if you are married), and have them keep it in a safe place such as a safety deposit box. Keep a copy in a safe place for yourself.

4. Account for the needs of your family

At this point, you have a good sense of what is in your estate. Now, think about how you can protect these assets and your beneficiaries’ best interests once you are gone.  Your estate planning checklist should include a review of the following items.

Is your life insurance enough? This could be important if you have kids and your current lifestyle requires double incomes. It will be even more important for those with children with college tuition bills or special needs.

Name a guardian for your kids, as well as a backup guardian, just in case. This will help to avoid unnecessary family court fights, which could end up draining assets in your estate.

Document your wishes for your kids’ care. Do not assume certain family members will be there for them, or that those relatives share your goals and ideas. Don’t assume a judge will necessarily abide by your wishes in case the issue goes to court.

planning for children

5. Review your Retirement and Insurance Accounts

Policies and accounts with designated beneficiaries should pass directly to the named persons upon your death. It will not matter how you direct these policies or accounts to be distributed in your trust or will – the beneficiary designations outlined in the retirement policy will take precedence.

Contact your plan’s administrator for a current listing of your beneficiaries for each account. Ensure you review each of these accounts and make sure the beneficiaries are documented as you wish. This is critically important if you have divorced and remarried.

Just as with the retirement accounts, life insurance and annuities take precedence and will pass directly to your beneficiaries as outlined in each plan. It is therefore important to get in touch with your insurer to update your beneficiaries if they change.

 As a rule of thumb, do not leave any beneficiaries section blank. Consider also naming contingent beneficiaries. This may be important in case your primary beneficiary dies before you do, and you forget to update the primary beneficiary designation.

insurance policies

6. Review or Assign Transfer on Death Designations

All assets bequeathed in a will usually go through probate, and so will assets if a person dies intestate. This is a process where assets are distributed according to a court’s instruction, and it can be quite costly and time-consuming.

However, many accounts like individual brokerage accounts, CD accounts, and bank savings are unnecessarily probated every day. In case you hold these accounts, you can have them set up to have a transfer on death designation, which will allow named beneficiaries to receive assets without having to go through the probate process. Contact your bank or custodian to have this set up on all your accounts.

7. Establish your Directives

Your estate executor or administrator will remain in charge of administering your will after you pass on. It is therefore essential to choose a person who is in a good mental state and can be responsible to make decisions.

Don’t assume that your spouse is the best choice. Consider how emotion related to your passing on could affect their ability to make sound decisions. In case you foresee an issue, it is wise to consider delegating the task to other qualified individuals.

Some of the important legal directives to include in your estate planning checklist are as follows:

A trust may be appropriate. When you have a living trust, you can ideally assign parts of your estate to go towards specific things while you are alive. When you become incapacitated or ill, your trustee can then take over. Once you pass on, the assets will transfer to your selected beneficiaries, thereby avoiding probate.

avoiding probate planning

A medical care directive or a living will, ideally spells out your medical care wishes if you are unable to make sound decisions yourself. A medical power of attorney could also be awarded to a trusted person for your healthcare, which ideally gives the person the authority to make decisions that you cannot. The two documents are sometimes combined into one, which is referred to as an advanced healthcare directive.

A durable financial power of attorney gives a trusted person the authority to manage your financial affairs in case you are medically unable to do so. The agent you designate the authority can act on your behalf when it comes to handling financial and legal matters you cannot. This may involve things ranging from paying taxes and bills to accessing and managing your assets.

A limited power of attorney could come in handy in case the idea of turning over everything to one person does not sit well with you. This serves as a legal document imposing certain limits on the authority of your chosen representative. For instance, you could grant a person the power to sign on your behalf for things like selling stock or property.

Take great care when giving someone power of attorney. They could have your finances – and even your life – in their hands. As such, you want to assign the financial and medical representation to different people and have a backup for each in case the primary choice is unavailable when needed.

estate planning documents

 

8. Plan for your Digital Assets

Digital assets are all your assets that exist online. Some examples of digital assets include:

  • Email accounts
  • Digital trademarks or copyrights
  • Virtual currencies
  • Social media accounts
  • Domain names
  • Income-generating blogs or websites
  • Online investment accounts or bank accounts
  • Digital media or written works that generate income

Just like the inventory list you created for your physical and non-physical assets, create a list of all your digital assets. This list should include the digital property, say a domain name, and the respective login information to include the associated email, username, and password. Keep the list in a secure place and ensure that your beneficiaries know where to find them.  Digital asset management is an important part of your estate planning checklist as passwords are likely to change often.

Remember to provide legal consent for your beneficiaries to access this digital information in your wills, living trusts, and powers of attorney. You should also decide whether you want to give a blanket authorization or whether some things should remain private and only accessible to specific beneficiaries.  

digital assets list

 

9. Work with an Experienced Estate Planning Attorney and Financial Advisor

Hiring an experienced estate planning attorney and a financial advisor will help to navigate through the process of creating a solid estate plan.  An attorney and financial advisor can help you establish whether you are on the proper path for estate planning, especially if you currently live in a state with inheritance or estate taxes.

For complex and large estates, such as business issues, childcare concerns, or non-familial heirs, a tax professional and/or estate attorney can help to navigate the often-complex implications.  Therefore, be sure to schedule reviews of your estate plan with your attorney, once it is in place.  This will help ensure that any gaps or changes are covered.

10. Complete Other Important Documents

At the bare minimum, your estate plan should address or include a will, health care proxy, power of attorney, and living will. It should also designate guardianship for your children (minors) and pets.  You can also create a letter of instruction outlining step-by-step instructions that specifies your wishes on things like your digital assets and your funeral. If you are married, ensure everyone has a separate will, with plans for the surviving spouse. In addition, make sure your trusted advisors have copies of these documents.

asset inventory list

Estate Planning Checklist Review

Be sure to revisit your estate plan as your circumstances change, for better or for worse. We suggest scheduling your estate planning checklist review on a quarterly, bi-annual, or annual basis.   Regular revisions mean you are avoiding one of the biggest mistakes with estate planning – not having one at all.

At Paths Elder Law, we have spent over 25 years helping seniors and their families plan and prepare for their futures.  We understand protecting those you love is the greatest gift you can leave behind.  Our experienced and caring staff will work with you to create a custom plan or review an existing plan to ensure your final wishes are carried out.  If you or a loved one is ready to get started with planning for the future, or you need help with an existing plan to ensure it meets your needs, contact Paths Elder Law.  We are a phone call away and one step closer to the peace of mind you are searching for.

 

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